Periodontal Diagnosis in Aurora, IL
We believe that understanding and addressing periodontal disease as an integral part of maintaining a vibrant and healthy smile. We’ll help you understand everything that goes into periodontal health so you know when to seek treatment.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the gums and the bones supporting the teeth. It’s caused mainly by bacterial infection due to the build-up of dental plaque and tartar on the teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to extensive dental problems such as loose teeth, tooth loss, and severe bone loss.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gum disease progresses through several stages:
- Gingivitis: The earliest stage, characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily. It’s usually reversible with proper oral hygiene.
- Mild to Moderate Periodontitis: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. In this stage, the gums start to pull away from the teeth and cause periodontal pockets, and bone loss may occur.
- Advanced Periodontitis: This is the final stage of aggressive periodontitis, where the fibers and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed. This can lead to tooth loss and the need for intensive treatment.
Risk Factors for Periodontitis
Anyone can get periodontal disease, but there are several risk factors that can increase your risk.
- Poor Oral Hygiene: Not brushing and flossing regularly can lead to the build-up of bacterial plaque, which is the primary cause of gum disease.
- Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco can significantly increase the risk of periodontitis as they are detrimental to your gum health and the soft tissues of the oral cavity.
- Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic disposition to chronic periodontitis.
- Age: Older individuals are more likely to develop periodontitis.
- Medications: Certain medications can affect oral health by causing dry mouth or altering the oral microbiome, which may contribute to gum disease.
- Chronic Diseases: If you have a medical history of certain diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, you have an increased risk of periodontitis.
- Poor Nutrition: A diet lacking in essential nutrients, especially vitamin C, can compromise the health of the gums.
- Previous Gum Disease: If you have had gum disease before, you are more likely to get it again.
Diagnosing Periodontal Disease
We use advanced diagnostic tools like a periodontal probe to make a diagnosis of periodontitis. During your checkup, we will:
- Review your medical and dental history
- Examine your gingival tissues and periodontal tissues for inflammation or recession
- Assess tooth mobility
- Measure the pocket depth between teeth and gums
- Take X-rays to evaluate bone loss
Non-Surgical Treatment Options
In the early stages, non-surgical periodontal treatments are often effective:
- Scaling and Root Planing: Deep cleaning of teeth to remove plaque and tartar above and below the gum line can improve your periodontal health and reverse gum disease in its early stages.
- Medications: Prescription antibiotics or medicated mouthwashes can help control bacterial infections.
Surgical Treatment Options
For aggressive periodontitis, surgical intervention may be necessary:
- Gum Graft Surgery: To repair receding gums or to protect roots.
- Flap Surgery: To reduce the size of the pockets between teeth and gums.
- Bone Grafts: To regenerate lost bone and stabilize teeth.
Preventing Gum Disease at Home
Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial in preventing gum disease. You can reduce your risk of gum disease by:
- Brushing and flossing regularly
- Using an antibacterial mouthwash
- Maintaining a healthy diet
- Avoiding tobacco products
- Regularly visiting the dentist for check-ups
Take the First Step Towards a Healthy Smile With a Periodontal Examination at Fox Valley Dental Care
Don’t let periodontal disease compromise your oral health. Early detection and treatment are key to protecting your smile. Contact Fox Valley Dental Care today to schedule an appointment to assess your dental health.